• Achilles Tendon Disorders
    The Achilles tendon-the longest tendon in the body-runs down the back of the lower leg and connects the calf muscle to the heel bone. Also called the “heel cord,” the Achilles tendon facilitates walking by helping to raise the heel off the ground.

  • Ankle Fracture
    Ankle fractures result when the ankle is forced beyond its normal range of motion. This can occur when a jumping or running athlete lands on an uneven surface or when the foot is firmly planted and the body gets twisted. Equipment and surface conditions may also play a role.

  • Ankle Sprain
    Ankle sprains are injuries to the ligaments typically on the outside of the ankle joint; usually brought on by twisting of the ankle.

  • Bunions
    There are several attributing factors that can lead to a symptomatic bunion deformity. Heredity plays in important role in the development of this deformity as well as abnormal mechanical function of the foot. Statistically, more women have symptomatic bunion deformities than men.

  • Charcot Foot
    Charcot foot is a progressive degenerative condition that affects the metatarsal, tarsometatarsal, and tarsal joints in the feet.

  • Crossover Toe
    Crossover toe occurs when the second toe moves closer and eventually crosses over and lies on top of the big toe.

  • Diabetic Complications & Amputation Prevention
    Diabetics are at increased risk for foot problems. However, consistent visits with your Podiatric Foot and Ankle surgeon can decrease the chance for infection or problems to develop.

  • Flexible Flatfoot
    Flatfoot is often a complex disorder which can occur in several planes (transverse, saggital, frontal). It is characterized by a low arch which puts increased stress on the ligaments and tendons on the inside of the foot and ankle.


  • Ganglion Cyst
    A ganglion is a gelatinous fluid-filled, out-pouching of the lining of a joint or tendon. Typically, ganglion cysts grow slowly and occur on the foot or ankle.

  • Gout
    Gout, or a gouty attack, is caused by an increase in the amount of uric acid crystals in the body.

  • Haglund’s Deformity
    Haglund’s deformity is a bony enlargement on the back of the heel. Usually, the enlarged bone causes increased pressure on the soft tissue of the posterior heel leading to bursitis or an inflammation of a fluid-filled sac between the tendon and bone.

  • Hallux Rigidus
    Hallux rigidus is an arthritic condition often leading to pain and stiffness within the big toe joint. This condition is recognized when there is decreased motion in the joint causing a gradual wearing away of the smooth surface (cartilage) of the joint.

  • Hammertoes
    If a hammer toe deformity progresses it can lead to irritation in shoe gear and to the development of a corn or bursa. A large development of keratinized skin of the outer layer (stratum corneum) builds up to prevent further irritation of the epidermis.

  • Heel Pain (Plantar Fasciitis)
    Heel pain can encompass several different problems depending on the exact location and quality of the pain (ie. tendonitis, stress fracture). However, plantar fasciitis is the most common diagnosis associated with heel pain.

  • Ingrown Toenail
    The nail plate is made up of the same type of cells that makes up our skin, which is the largest organ of the human body. The most common problem with human toenails are when they become embedded in the surrounding skin, or nail fold. This is known as an ingrown toenail.

  • Lisfranc Injuries
    Lisfranc joint injuries are rare and often misdiagnosed. Typical signs and symptoms include pain, swelling and the inability to bear weight. Clinically, these injuries vary from mild sprains to fracture-dislocations.

  • Malignant Melanoma of the Foot
    Malignant Melanoma is a cancer of the skin and is defined as an out of control growth of the skin cells that produce the melanin.

  • Morton’s Neuroma
    Morton’s neuroma is a painful fibrotic enlargement of one of the common digital nerves. The majority of neuroma’s are benign but can be cancerous. The term “neuroma” actually means a “tumor of a nerve”. Initially described by a British physician, the problem most often occurs between the bases of the 3rd and 4th toes.

  • Pediatric Flatfoot
    Pediatric flatfoot occurs when there is a partial or total collapse of the arch of the foot. Most children have some degree of flat feet at birth and most who present to a podiatrist do not need treatment.


  • Puncture Wounds
    Puncture wounds occur when a foreign object, such as a nail, glass or piece of wood, enter the skin a cause a hole. These types of wounds require immediate treatment because they often cut deep into the skin.

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis in the Foot & Ankle
    Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a disease caused by an autoimmune response. The body does not recognize certain cells and the immune system attack healthy joints.

  • Tailor’s Bunion
    A Tailor’s Bunion, or bunionette, is an enlargement of the bone on the outside of the foot (5thmetatarsal). The bony prominence can cause increased pressure in shoes which results in pain, redness and swelling.

  • Tarsal Coalition
    A tarsal coalition is a bridge between two or more bones of the midfoot and/or rearfoot. “Tarsal” refers to the bones in the midfoot and rearfoot; while the term “coalition” refers to the abnormal connection between bones.

  • Toe & Metatarsal Fractures
    A fracture is defined as a break in the bone. Fractures can be divided into two categories: traumatic fractures and stress fractures.

  • Warts
    A wart is a small growth on the skin that develops when the skin is infected by a virus. Plantar warts are caused by direct contact with the human papilloma virus (HPV).