What is Flatfoot?
Flatfoot is often a complex disorder which can occur in several planes (transverse, saggital, frontal). It is characterized by a low arch which puts increased stress on the ligaments and tendons on the inside of the foot and ankle. There are several types of flatfoot of which flexible flatfoot is one.
Flexible flatfoot is one of the most common types of flatfoot which typically begins in childhood or adolescence and continues into adulthood. The term “flexible” means that the foot is flat when standing and the arch is not visible. However, the arch returns when not standing.
The early stages of flexible flatfoot are associated with good range of motion in the foot and ankle with little or no arthritic changes. As the deformity worsens, the soft tissues (tendons and ligaments) of the arch may stretch or tear and degeneration of joints occurs.
Symptoms include weakness in the foot or leg, pain in the heel, arch, or ankle.
Your Podiatric Foot and Ankle surgeon will examine your feet in both non-weight bearing and weight bearing positions, including x-rays to determine a course of treatment.
Conservative treatment may include custom functional inserts designed to support the foot and bring the ground to your arch.
A variety of surgical techniques are available to correct flexible flatfoot. The goal of the surgical techniques are to relieve the symptoms and improve foot function. These procedures include tendon transfers or tendon lengthening procedures, realignment of one or more bones, joint fusions, or insertion of implant devices.